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Y Papa Piu IX (Amanung Latin: Pius PP IX, Mayu 13, 1792Pereru 7, 1878), mibait Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, iya ing [ekamaluat a makalukluk a Papa king kasalesayan ning Pisamban, a telanan ne ing Pisamban Romanu Katoliku manibat Juniu 16, 1846, anggang 1878, mga 32 banua. Inyang mumuna liberal ya, pepakawalan no reng pepasukul ning minuna kaya at kaibat meging yang conservative kaibat da reng pemate at gawang terrorista ampong inyang 1848 a aklasan. Likuan ne ing Roma inyang 1848 ketang makuyad a panaun at mewala la reng Papal states inyang 1870 at mipunta la keng Italy. Ela pane maluid ding tuntunan ning Pisamban kareng aliwang bangsa antimo ing Russia, Germany ampong France, uli ning pamanaliwa da reng secular institusiun ampong pangkilub a pamanalkus. Matas la lawe kang Papa Pio ampong kalguran de inyang panaun na. In kayang aus a pangmalda mabilug a yatu ing - Peter's Pence - kaibat nang meging "Makasukul king Vatican" ustu na para mika-atin yang ing papa (papacy) karing decadang daratang.

Lawen ya rinAlilan/I-edit

DalerayanAlilan/I-edit

  • Acta et decreta Pii IX, Pontificis Maximi, VolI-VII, Romae 1854 ff
  • Acta et decreta Leonis XIII, P.M. Vol I-XXII, Romae, 1881, ff
  • Actae Sanctae Sedis, (ASS), Romae, Vaticano 1865
  • Barwig, Regis N. (1978). More Than a Prophet: Day By Day With Pius IX. Altadena: Benziger Sisters. 
  • L. Boudou, Le S. Siege et la Russie, Paris, 1890
  • De Cesare, Raffaele (1909). The Last Days of Papal Rome. London: Archibald Constable & Co. 
  • Hasler, August Bernhard (1981). How the Pope Became Infallible: Pius IX and the Politics of Persuasion. Doubleday. 
  • Hasler, August Bernhard (1979). Wie der Papst unfelhlbar wurde: Macht und Ohnmacht eines Dogmas. R. Piper & Co. Verlag. 
  • Kertzer, David I. (2004). Prisoner of the Vatican: The Popes' Secret Plot to Capture Rome from the New Italian State. Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-618-22442-4. 
  • Martina, S.J. Pio IX (1846-1850) Roma: Editrice Pontificia Universita Gregoriana,Vol I-III, 1974-1991
  • Pougeois, Histoire de Pie IX, son pontificat et son siecle, Vol I-VI, Paris, 1877
  • Josef Schmidlin Papstgeschichte, Vol I-IV, Köstel-Pusztet München, 1922-1939
  • John Gilmary Shea, The Life of Pope Pius IX, New York, 1877
  • Sylvain, Histoire de Pie IX le Grand et de son pontificat, Vol I,II, Paris, 1878

FootnotesAlilan/I-edit

Suglung PalualAlilan/I-edit

Roman Catholic Church titles
Minuna kaya
Mario Ancaiani
Archbishop of Spoleto
1827 – 1832
Menalili kaya
Ignazio Giovanni Cadolino
Minuna kaya
Giacomo Giustiniani
Archbishop of Imola
1832 – 1846
Menalili kaya
Gaetano Baluffi
Minuna kaya
Gregory XVI
Pope
1846 – 1878
Menalili kaya
Leo XIII


Ding Papa ning Pisamban Romano Katoliko
PeterLinusAnacletusClement IEvaristusAlexander ISixtus ITelesphorusHyginusPius IAnicetusSoterEleuterusVictor IZephyrinusCallixtus IUrban IPontianAnterusFabianCorneliusLucius IStephen ISixtus IIDionysiusFelix IEutychianCaiusMarcellinusMarcellus IEusebiusMiltiadesSilvester IMarkJulius ILiberiusDamasus ISiriciusAnastasius IInnocent IZosimusBoniface ICelestine ISixtus IIILeo IHilariusSimpliciusFelix IIIGelasius IAnastasius IISymmachusHormisdasJohn IFelix IVBoniface IIJohn IIAgapetus ISilveriusVigiliusPelagius IJohn IIIBenedict IPelagius IIGregory ISabinianBoniface IIIBoniface IVAdeodatus IBoniface VHonorius ISeverinusJohn IVTheodore IMartin IEugene IVitalianAdeodatus IIDonusAgathoLeo IIBenedict IIJohn VCononSergius IJohn VIJohn VIISisinniusConstantineGregory IIGregory IIIZacharyStephen IIPaul IStephen IIIAdrian ILeo IIIStephen IVPaschal IEugene IIValentineGregory IVSergius IILeo IVBenedict IIINicholas IAdrian IIJohn VIIIMarinus IAdrian IIIStephen VFormosusBoniface VIStephen VIRomanusTheodore IIJohn IXBenedict IVLeo VSergius IIIAnastasius IIILandoJohn XLeo VIStephen VIIJohn XILeo VIIStephen VIIIMarinus IIAgapetus IIJohn XIILeo VIIIBenedict VJohn XIIIBenedict VIBenedict VIIJohn XIVJohn XVGregory VSilvester IIJohn XVIIJohn XVIIISergius IVBenedict VIIIJohn XIXBenedict IXSilvester IIIBenedict IXGregory VIClement IIBenedict IXDamasus IILeo IXVictor IIStephen IXNicholas IIAlexander IIGregory VIIVictor IIIUrban IIPaschal IIGelasius IICallixtus IIHonorius IIInnocent IICelestine IILucius IIEugene IIIAnastasius IVAdrian IVAlexander IIILucius IIIUrban IIIGregory VIIIClement IIICelestine IIIInnocent IIIHonorius IIIGregory IXCelestine IVInnocent IVAlexander IVUrban IVClement IVGregory XInnocent VAdrian VJohn XXINicholas IIIMartin IVHonorius IVNicholas IVCelestine VBoniface VIIIBenedict XIClement VJohn XXIIBenedict XIIClement VIInnocent VIUrban VGregory XIUrban VIBoniface IXInnocent VIIGregory XIIMartin VEugene IVNicholas VCallixtus IIIPius IIPaul IISixtus IVInnocent VIIIAlexander VIPius IIIJulius IILeo XAdrian VIClement VIIPaul IIIJulius IIIMarcellus IIPaul IVPius IVPius VGregory XIIISixtus VUrban VIIGregory XIVInnocent IXClement VIIILeo XIPaul VGregory XVUrban VIIIInnocent XAlexander VIIClement IXClement XInnocent XIAlexander VIIIInnocent XIIClement XIInnocent XIIIBenedict XIIIClement XIIBenedict XIVClement XIIIClement XIVPiu VIPiu VIILeo XIIPiu VIIIGregory XVIPiu IXLeo XIIIPiu XBenedict XVPiu XIPiu XIIJuan XXIIIPablo VIJuan Pablo IJuan Pablo IIBenedict XVIFrancisco
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