Richard Wagner

German composer, conductor, music theorist, and essayist

I Wilhelm Richard Wagner (22 May 1813, Leipzig, Germany - 13 February 1883, Venice, Italy), metung yang kompositor a compositor, conductor, teorista king musica, director ampong talasulat salese o esay, a mekilala keraklan kareng kayang opera, (o music drama, ing lagiung megamit karela kaibat), a Aleman. E anti kareng aliwang kompositor da reng opera, pareu nong sinulat Wagner deng scenario ampong libretto da reng kayang obra.

I Richard Wagner aniang 1871

Kilala la reng obra nang Wagner, lalu na detang mas tauli, ketang misasalungat (contrapuntal) a salat (texture), masikan a w:chromaticism, pamitugma (harmony) ampong w:orchestration, ampong komplikadung pamangamit king leitmotif: deng tema king musikang makaugne kareng partikular a tauan, karinan o lugal, o elementu/dake ning balangkas ning kuentu (“plot elements). I Wagner ing menimuna kareng paniulung king amanu ning musika, anti ing mitmung (extreme) chromaticism ampong tonal center a biglang manaliwa, bageng matalik mekaimpluensia kng pamanalkus (development) ning musikang clasicu king Europa.

Binayu neng Wagner ing kaisipan tungkul king musika kapamilatan ning kayang idea ning Gesamtkunstwerk ("pangkabilugang kalalangan alit" o "total artwork"), ing pamibuklud-buklud da reng eganaganang alit (‘’arts’’) ning kawatasan o poesia, albayan (visual), tigtigan (musical) ampong lalagen (dramatic), a mirinan katuparan ketang mapia nang pamiyaliling (cycle) a Der Ring des Nibelungen (1876). Tinikdo neng Wagner ing sarili nang teatrong pang-opera ba lang mipalage deti nung makananu na lang apitsuran.

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  • Borchmeyer, Dieter 2003, "Drama and the World of Richard Wagner", Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-11497-2
  • Burbidge, Peter and Sutton, Richard(eds.) 1979, "The Wagner Companion", Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-29657-1
  • Dahlhaus, C. (Mary Whitall trans.) 1979, Richard Wagner's Music Dramas, Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-22397-3
  • Dallas, Ian 1990, The New Wagnerian, Freiburg Books. ISBN 978-84-404-7475-9
  • Gutman, Robert W. 1990, Wagner - The Man, His Mind and His Music, Harvest Books. ISBN 978-0-15-677615-8
  • Lee, M. Owen 1998, Wagner: The Terrible Man and His Truthful Art, University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-0-8020-4721-2
  • Magee, Bryan 2001, The Tristan Chord: Wagner and Philosophy, Metropolitan Books. ISBN 978-0-8050-7189-4
  • Magee, Bryan 1988, Aspects of Wagner, Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-284012-7
  • May, Thomas 2004, Decoding Wagner, Amadeus Press. ISBN 978-1-57467-097-4
  • Millington, Barry (Ed.) (1992). The Wagner Compendium: A Guide to Wagner's Life and Music. Thames and Hudson Ltd., London. ISBN 0-02-871359-1
  • Newman, Ernest 1933, The Life of Richard Wagner, 4 vols., - the classic biography, superseded by newer research but still full of many valuable insights. ISBN 978-0-685-14824-2
  • Nicholson, Christopher 2007, "Richard and Adolf: Did Richard Wagner incite Adolf Hitler to commit the Holocaust?", Gefen Publishing House. ISBN 978-965-229-360-2
  • Runciman, J.F. 1913, Wagner, Project Gutenberg edition. here.
  • Salmi, Hannu 2005, Wagner and Wagnerism in Nineteenth-Century Sweden, Finland, and the Baltic Provinces: Reception, Enthusiasm, Cult, Eastman Studies in Music. University of Rochester Press. ISBN 978-1-58046-207-5
  • Salmi, Hannu 2000, Imagined Germany. Richard Wagner's National Utopia, Peter Lang Publishing. ISBN 978-0-8204-4416-1
  • Scruton, Roger 2003, Death-Devoted Heart: Sex and the Sacred in Wagner's 'Tristan and Isolde', Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-516691-0
  • Shaw, George Bernard 1898, The Perfect Wagnerite
  • Spencer, Stewart, Wagner Remembered,Faber and Faber, 2000. ISBN 978-0-571-19653-1
  • Stone, M. 1997, The Ring Disc: An Interactive Guide to Wagner's Ring Cycle, Media Cafe. ISBN 978-0-9657357-0-4
  • Tanner, M. 1995, Wagner, Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-10290-0
  • Wagner, Cosima (Geoffrey Skelton trans.), Diaries, 2 vols. ISBN 978-0-15-122635-1
  • Wagner, Richard (ed. and trans. Stewart Spencer and Barry Millington ), Selected Letters of Richard Wagner, Dent, 1987. ISBN 0-460-04643-8; W. W. Norton and Company, 1987. ISBN 978-0-393-02500-2
  • Wagner, Richard (Andrew Gray trans.) 1992, My Life, Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-80481-6 - Wagner's often unreliable autobiography, covering his life to 1864, written between 1865 and 1880 and first published privately in German in a small edition between 1870 and 1880. The first (edited) public edition appeared in 1911. Gray's translation is the most comprehensive available.
  • Wagner`s Ring Motifs, An Audio Guide. Translated by Stewart Spencer. Auricula, ISBN 978-3-936196-05-4

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The complete English text in an earlier translation can be found online at Project Gutenberg

  • My Life at Project Gutenberg[1]

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